Tocotrienol replaces tocopherol as the new face of vitamin E
02/23/2022 // Olivia Cook // Views

Vitamin E is a fat-soluble vitamin, meaning it dissolves in fats and oil. It is absorbed by fat globules that travel through the small intestines and is distributed through the body in the bloodstream. Unlike water-soluble vitamins that do not stay in the body for long and cannot be stored, fat-soluble vitamins are not readily excreted, they can accumulate to toxic levels if taken in excess.

Alpha-tocopherol is the first vitamin E analog to be recognized, but eight chemically distinct analogs are now known: four (alpha-, beta-, delta- and gamma) tocopherols (TP) and four (alpha-, beta-, delta- and gamma) tocotrienols (T3).

Vitamin E deficiency can cause nerve and muscle damage that results in numbness and tingling or loss of feeling in the arms and legs, loss of body movement control or coordination and walking difficulties, muscle weakness, a weakened immune system and vision problems.

Tocotrienol better than tocopherol

When vitamin E was discovered in 1922, it was scientifically named alpha-tocopherol. Tocotrienols were only discovered in the mid-1960s and did not attract attention until the 1980s and 1990s when their powerful neuroprotective, anti-cancer and cholesterol-lowering properties were described in studies.

Dr. Barrie Tan, founder and chief scientist of American River Nutrition, is hailed as the world's foremost expert on vitamin E. He was credited with discovering tocotrienol in three major natural sources: palm, rice and annatto. To date, annatto is the only known source of the most potent forms of vitamin E that is tocopherol-free.


Tan's research showed that tocotrienol is 50 times more effective than tocopherol as a lipid antioxidant protector. His research concluded that the higher antioxidant potency exhibited by d-alpha-tocotrienol as compared to d-alpha-tocopherol is due to its higher recycling efficiency from chromanoxyl radicals; its more uniform distribution in membrane bilayer; and its stronger disordering of membrane lipids that serve as structural components of 38 trillion cell membranes within the body.

Tocotrienols possess powerful neuroprotective, anti-cancer and cholesterol-lowering properties that are not often exhibited by tocopherols. Some studies even suggest that alpha-tocopherol interferes with the helpful activity of tocotrienolsResearchers found that alpha-tocopherol, when co-administered with tocotrienols, reduced tocotrienol’s inhibitory effect on HMGR (3-hydroxy-3-methyl-glutaryl-CoA reductase), an enzyme responsible for cholesterol production. 

Why you should always choose tocotrienol over tocopherol

Various studies indicate that tocotrienols offer the following health benefits: (Related: New clinical trial confirms the metabolic benefits of vitamin E supplementation.)

Suppress cancer growth 

Tocotrienols have been shown to suppress the proliferation and induce apoptosis (a type of cell death) of tumor cells, including those of the breast, colon, liver, lungs, stomach, skin, pancreas and prostate.

Support digestive health

Tocotrienol is especially effective at fighting the effects of stress on the gastrointestinal system. A study on mice with ulcerative colitis published in the Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology compared tocotrienol to tocopherol. It found that tocotrienol alone stopped hormonal and acidity changes related to stress. (Related: Vitamin E tocotrienols significantly lower disease-promoting triglycerides.)

Support liver health

Tocotrienol is a natural vitamin E supplement. Compelling results from a three-month study on patients suffering from nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, a condition currently affecting 25 percent of American adults, notably showed patients in the annatto tocotrienol-supplemented group lost an average of 9.7 pounds and improved their fatty liver index score by 11 percent, with associated liver enzymes and C-reactive protein decreases. The 2019 study was electronically published in Pharmacological Research.

Support a healthy cardiovascular system 

Tocotrienols' cardioprotective effects are mediated through their antioxidant mechanisms and blood-thinning and cholesterol-lowering properties, both of which may benefit stroke survivors. (Related: Vitamin E tocotrienols protect the heart and prevent metabolic syndrome.)

Support brain health

Some brain health conditions, including dementia, Alzheimer's and other forms of brain decline are linked to free radical damage. Tocotrienols may be able to fight a specific inflammatory factor that is related to brain health problems. A study published in The Journal of Biological Chemistry in 2000 reported that tocotrienols were more effective than alpha-tocopherol in preventing glutamate-induced death of HT4 neuronal cells.

Various reports suggest that tocotrienols are neuroprotective, as indicated by its ability to suppress glutamate-induced activation of c-Src kinase. Tocotrienols can also slow the course of Parkinson's disease as published in the Polish Journal of Pharmacology.

Support healthy skin

Because tocotrienol is an antioxidant, it may help reverse or slow skin damage due to free radicals. A study published in the Journal of Dispersion Science and Technology in 2009 suggests that applying tocotrienol vitamin E to the skin could prevent wrinkles and help the skin look or appear youthful

Support eye health 

Possibly owing to their antioxidant effects, tocotrienols offer protection against cataract development.

In a study published in the Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, tocotrienols have been shown to have helped in improving ocular conditions related to abnormal blood vessel growth, such as macular degeneration and diabetic retinopathy, the leading cause of adult blindness in the West. Alpha-tocopherol does not have this effect, and in fact, appears to be directly antagonistic to the antiangiogenic effects of tocotrienols

An in vitro study in Graefes’ Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology showed that tocotrienols may be employed as anti-scarring agents during glaucoma filtration surgery.

Support bone health 

Studies published in the International Journal of Endocrinology have shown that tocotrienol was able to prevent and even reverse osteoporosis that causes bones to become weak and brittle due to various factors like inactive lifestyle, calcium deficiencies and estrogen deficiencies in women during perimenopause and menopause.

Support healthy kidney function

A recent human clinical trial published in Nutrients demonstrated that supplementation with tocotrienol-rich vitamin E on diabetic kidney disease (DKD) – a debilitating microvascular complication of diabetes progressing to end-stage renal failure – improved kidney function parameters by significantly reducing serum creatinine levels and significantly increasing estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) compared to placebo. 

Support sensible weight management goals 

A study published in Nutrients and in Molecules in 2019 indicated that treatment with tocotrienols for eight weeks had shown an anti-obesity effect in high-fat diet-treated mice.

Add annatto tocotrienol vitamin E to your daily routine to enjoy this antioxidant vitamin's incredible health benefits.

More related stories:

Investigating how 6-gingerol and gamma-tocotrienol can suppress cancer growth.

Combination of an active plant compound and a form of vitamin E shows promise as anti-cancer treatment.

Vitamin E found to have bone health benefits: Research finds it improves bone density in postmenopausal women.

Watch the video below to learn more about tocotrienol vitamin E benefits to health.

This video is from the Holistic Herbalist channel on

Sources include: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2

Take Action:
Support Natural News by linking to this article from your website.
Permalink to this article:
Embed article link:
Reprinting this article:
Non-commercial use is permitted with credit to (including a clickable link).
Please contact us for more information.
Free Email Alerts
Get independent news alerts on natural cures, food lab tests, cannabis medicine, science, robotics, drones, privacy and more.
App Store
Android App
eTrust Pro Certified

This site is part of the Natural News Network © 2022 All Rights Reserved. Privacy | Terms All content posted on this site is commentary or opinion and is protected under Free Speech. Truth Publishing International, LTD. is not responsible for content written by contributing authors. The information on this site is provided for educational and entertainment purposes only. It is not intended as a substitute for professional advice of any kind. Truth Publishing assumes no responsibility for the use or misuse of this material. Your use of this website indicates your agreement to these terms and those published here. All trademarks, registered trademarks and servicemarks mentioned on this site are the property of their respective owners.

This site uses cookies
Natural News uses cookies to improve your experience on our site. By using this site, you agree to our privacy policy.
Learn More
Get 100% real, uncensored news delivered straight to your inbox
You can unsubscribe at any time. Your email privacy is completely protected.