Based on these findings, the researchers concluded that oligosaccharides structurally related to those found in cranberries are responsible for the anti-adhesion effects observed after cranberry consumption.
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Coleman CM, Auker KM, Killday KB, Azadi P, Black I, Ferreira D. ARABINOXYLOGLUCAN OLIGOSACCHARIDES MAY CONTRIBUTE TO THE ANTIADHESIVE PROPERTIES OF PORCINE URINE AFTER CRANBERRY CONSUMPTION. Journal of Natural Products. 25 March 2019;82(3):589–605. DOI: 10.1021/acs.jnatprod.8b01043