(Natural News) Researchers at Rutgers University in New Jersey tested whether phenolic-enriched raspberry extracts, compared with raspberry ketone, can promote resilience toward metabolic alterations caused by an obesity-inducing diet. Their study was published in the journal Nutrition Research.
- Red raspberries (Rubus idaeus) contain numerous phenolic compounds that provide health benefits.
- Raspberry ketone (4-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-2-butanone), a flavoring agent, is the primary aroma and flavor phenolic found in raspberries.
- In rodents, raspberry ketone consumption leads to weight loss.
- To determine if raspberry fruit extracts have the same effect, the researchers gave mice placed on a high-fat diet daily oral doses of either a vehicle (VEH) containing propylene glycol, water and dimethyl sulfoxide; low-concentration raspberry extract (REL); high-concentration raspberry extract (REH); or raspberry ketone (RK).
- They reported that after four weeks, REH and RK reduced body weight gain (five to nine percent) and white adipose mass (20 percent) compared with VEH.
- REH also up-regulated hepatic gene expression of heme oxygenase-1 and lipoprotein lipase compared with VEH.
- Indirect calorimetry revealed that the treatments all reduced respiratory exchange ratio (CO2 production to O2 consumption), suggesting increased fat oxidation.
- REH increased total ambulatory behavior and energy expenditure/lean mass in mice compared with REL.
- The treatments caused no differences in cumulative intake, meal patterns or hypothalamic feed-related gene expression.
Based on these findings, the researchers concluded that raspberry ketone and phenolic-enriched raspberry extract can prevent weight gain via different mechanisms that stop excess fat accumulation following exposure to a high-fat diet.
Kshatriya D, Li X, Giunta GM, Yuan B, Zhao D, Simon JE, Wu Q, Bello NT. PHENOLIC-ENRICHED RASPBERRY FRUIT EXTRACT (RUBUS IDAEUS) RESULTED IN LOWER WEIGHT GAIN, INCREASED AMBULATORY ACTIVITY, AND ELEVATED HEPATIC LIPOPROTEIN LIPASE AND HEME OXYGENASE-1 EXPRESSION IN MALE MICE FED A HIGH-FAT DIET. Nutrition Research. August 2019;68:19–33. DOI: 10.1016/j.nutres.2019.05.005