It's ideal to prepare for this scenario while you still have access to basic supplies. First, finalize your plan for short- and long-term stockpiles, then determine how much food and supplies you must acquire. (h/t to Survivopedia.com)
When SHTF, you can't afford to be picky with your food. However, you also need to consider food allergies and sensitivities when buying supplies.
Make a list of all the foods you eat for about one month. If anyone in the family has special dietary needs, consider them before choosing foods for your stockpile.
Buy enough food for the family so that everyone can be sustained with food that's both filling and nutritious, so you can keep up your energy when SHTF.
Below is a list of foods that you'll need in your stockpile for a short-term survival scenario:
Foods like dried beans, dried fruits and vegetables, nuts and seeds are easy to store, but you need to be creative with other items on your list.
You may need to use dairy alternatives like powdered milk, which has a long shelf-life. Meat may also present a challenge if you don’t prepare it while it's still fresh enough to process.
Below are several ways to extend the shelf life of perishable items that you need in your survival stockpile:
Avoid purchasing large quantities of food that need refrigeration, which can cause a problem during a power outage.
When deciding on food preparation methods, ensure that you can store the foods without relying on refrigeration. For example, if you purchase dried beans, nuts and seeds, temperatures in your stockpile must range between 40 to 60 F so these foods can last for several years.
But if it's difficult to control the temperature in your home during the summer months, your carefully prepared stockpile might go bad within months.
Regardless of the food preservation methods that you use, you'll need a cool, dark, dry location for your stockpile.
If you don't have room under your home to store food, consider digging a root cellar. Another option is to build an insulated tub or other structure that will allow you to use salt and ice or other mechanisms to keep food as cold as possible without using electricity. Alternatively, you can use zeer pots or similar methods.
When choosing foods for short- or long-term emergencies, consider your family's eating habits. Stock up on nutritious foods with a long shelf life so you can stay healthy and keep up your energy for when SHTF.