Frankincense is sourced from Boswellia carterii, B. ferreana, or B. serrata trees that grow in African and Arabian regions, such as Ethiopia, Oman, Somalia, and Yemen.
Frankincense essential oil is made by extracting the milky white sap of the tree’s bark. This sap is then hardened into a resin. The resin is turned into an oil through steam distillation. Frankincense oil can be used on either your skin or by inhalation.
There are many types of frankincense, and its quality is determined by the product's age, aroma, color, purity, and shape. Different trees will produce different colored resins. Hojari and Silver are considered the highest grades of frankincense. Meanwhile, brown-yellow and muddy frankincense oils are cheaper and easier.
Frankincense has substances with many health benefits. It contains terpenes and boswellic acids, which have potent anti-inflammatory properties and protect healthy cells.
According to a study published in Planta Medica, boswellic acid can inhibit 5-lipoxygenase. The acid can also help target free radicals and cytokines. All of these molecules have a role in inflammation.
Frankincense's other health benefits include:
In aromatherapy, frankincense oil is used to address conditions like:
Chronic inflammation can damage DNA and cause cancer, and researchers believe that frankincense can fight cancer through its anti-inflammatory properties.
However, certain studies imply that frankincense can directly attack cancer cells. In a study, researchers determined that frankincense oil can distinguish between cancerous and normal bladder cells. The oil could also suppress cancer cell viability. This means that frankincense oil could target cancer cells without harming healthy cells, unlike chemotherapy and other conventional cancer treatments that kill both.
Medical News Today reports that at least two other studies have produced similar findings:
Two older studies also suggest that frankincense can be used to naturally fight cancer. In a 2013 study, scientists in China discovered that human breast and skin cancer cells had increased sensitivity to the combination of frankincense and myrrh oils.
In a separate 2012 study, researchers reported that AKBA, a chemical compound in frankincense, could kill cancer cells that have become resistant to chemotherapy. While further research needs to be conducted, experts are hopeful that frankincense can be used as a safe cancer treatment. (Related: Frankincense's cellular healing power is a powerful solution for many types of cancer.)
Always purchase frankincense essential oil and not "fragrance oil." The latter doesn't always have the same health benefits as the former. Frankincense essential oil can either be inhaled or applied topically.
To inhale frankincense essential oil, use an aromatherapy diffuser. Alternatively, you can make your own diffuser using a small container, the essential oil, a carrier oil, and a bit of vodka.
Aromatherapy interacts with the "emotional brain" or limbic system. When you inhale the oil, odor molecules travel through the nose and affect the brain via different receptor sites, like the limbic system.
Before you apply frankincense essential oil to your skin, combine it with carrier oils like avocado, coconut, grapeseed, hemp seed, jojoba, olive, or sweet almond oil.
Use frankincense oil sparingly, and do a patch test when trying a new essential oil. Once the oil is diluted with a carrier, test it to make sure you don’t experience burns, irritation, or an allergic reaction.
Applying frankincense essential oil to your skin will help relieve joint or muscle pain and promote hair root health. The oil can also help heal acne, bites, boils, or cuts.
While frankincense is generally believed to be safe, here are some guidelines to keep in mind:
Frankincense is not known to interact with any medications. However, it is best to consult a healthcare professional before you start using frankincense essential oil.
Use frankincense essential oil if you want to lower your risk of developing cancer or treat minor complaints.