Eczema, also known as dermatitis, is a chronic skin condition that causes dry, itchy skin and rashes. When scratched, the skin becomes more inflamed and covered with blisters that crack easily. It most often occurs in children before the age of five and may persist into adolescence and adulthood.
For the study, researchers from the Children’s National Health System looked at data from the Infant Feeding Practices Study II conducted from 2005 to 2007, as well as a follow-up study from 2012. The cohort and follow-up were co-led by researchers at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
The feeding study monitored the diets of nearly 2,000 pregnant women from their third trimester and assessed their feeding practices through their children’s first year of life. Researchers then conducted a followed up when 1,520 of the children turned six years old. They assessed the health, development and dietary patterns of these children.
The current study’s researchers found that 300 children were diagnosed with eczema at some point in their lives. Among children with a previous diagnosis, 58.6 percent had eczema at age six. They discovered that children with higher socioeconomic status and those with a family history of food allergies had higher chances of being diagnosed with eczema.
Additionally, they found that children who were exclusively breastfed for three months or longer had lower odds of having continued eczema at age six compared with those who were breastfed for less than three months or who were never breastfed.
"While exclusive breastfeeding may not prevent kids from getting eczema, it may protect them from experiencing extended flare-ups," said Katherine M. Balas, the lead author of the study.
The American Academy of Pediatrics suggests that breast milk should be the sole source of nutrition of a baby for about six months. Breastfeeding can be continued for longer, as long as both the mother and baby desire it. (Related: Breastfeeding: Tips Help Guide New Mothers.)
Here are more reasons to breastfeed your baby:
Breastfeeding does not only benefit the babies, but also the mothers. Here are the benefits you can reap from breastfeeding your baby:
Learn more about the health benefits of breastfeeding at WomensHealth.news.