There is no cure for MS, and treatments are generally aimed at dealing with the symptoms of the disease. However, like all chemical medications, these treatments carry side effects including depression, apathy, extreme fatigue and mood swings.
Happily, a growing body of evidence supports the use of medical marijuana – which has far fewer side effects than pharmaceutical medications – for the effective treatment of pain, spasticity and other MS symptoms. (Related: Research shows marijuana can be effectively used to treat multiple sclerosis.)
Which symptoms will be caused by the disease, and the severity of those symptoms, is different for each person diagnosed with MS. However, for all patients, it is a long-term disease that to some extent attacks the spinal cord, brain and optic nerves of the eyes.
MS can affect balance, vision and muscle control, and can cause severe pain. Other symptoms can include fatigue, difficulty walking, sexual dysfunction, tingling or numbness of the extremities, poor bladder control, depression and trouble concentrating.
For some, the symptoms are mild and cause hardly any discomfort, while for others, they can be debilitating enough to interfere with daily life and make movement and everyday tasks extremely difficult. (Related: Treating multiple sclerosis.)
MS happens when your immune system attacks a fatty material called myelin, which wraps around your nerve fibers to protect them. Without this outer shell, your nerves become damaged. Scar tissue may form.
The damage means your brain can’t send signals through your body correctly. Your nerves also don’t work as they should to help you move and feel.
The cannabis (marijuana) plant contains a host of biologically active compounds, including 60 cannabinoids. Two of these – cannabidiol (CBD) and ?9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) – are responsible for most of the beneficial effects of medical marijuana.
Cannabis has proven antioxidative, anti-inflammatory, antipsychotic, neuroprotective and other benefits, along with being a potent painkiller.
As reported by Healthline, a recent meta-analysis of five studies – the results of which were presented at the Consortium of MS Centers in Tennessee – concluded that the cannabinoids in marijuana have “modest effects in multiple sclerosis for pain or spasticity.”
Another study, published in the journal Frontiers in Neurology, found that cannabidiol improves mobility in people with MS. They also found that patients who use cannabis are less likely to take other prescription drugs, including dangerous antidepressants, benzodiazepines and opioids.
Other studies have confirmed these and other benefits. Healthline reported:
Another study from the University of Rochester MS Center in New York looked at the “real world” experience of medical marijuana in managing symptoms of multiple sclerosis and transverse myelitis.
Researchers conducted a cross sectional study, asking subjects to complete a survey reporting their experience with medical marijuana certification, usage, and effects.
About 77 percent said medical marijuana was helpful in managing symptoms, mainly spasticity and pain. They reported no side effects.
Another 70 percent felt their quality of life improved with medical marijuana. Some patients actually reduced other medications used for symptoms.
Most of the participants said they spent $100 to $300 per month on medical marijuana.
Of course, mainstream medical practitioners still urge caution when considering the use of medical marijuana, insisting that pharmaceuticals are backed up by more studies and are more “standardized” in terms of their effects.
But then a lot of people make a lot of money off pharmaceuticals, so they would say that, wouldn't they? Learn more at Medicine.news.