While the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has the authority to regulate ingredients in cosmetics and personal care products, the agency often does not exercise it. Instead, the FDA tasks companies manufacturing and marketing cosmetics with ensuring their safety.
According to the FDA website, "neither the law nor FDA regulations require specific tests to demonstrate the safety of individual products or ingredients." Meaning, there are no required tests to conduct. The companies are not even required to provide safety data.
Many cosmetic companies are exploiting a loophole in the Fair Packaging and Labeling Act, which allows companies to withhold information regarding their "trade secrets," including common ingredients in personal care and cosmetic products, such as fragrances. That explains why only 10 percent of the nearly 13,000 chemicals used in cosmetics have been tested for safety.
For the test, the BCPP and their partners purchased 140 different beauty, personal care and cleaning products. The groups were mostly concerned about certain products marketed to children and women of color, and products marketed by celebrities as allegedly "good for the environment" or "green."
The results revealed that many of the personal care products tested contained more hazardous chemicals than the cleaning products also tested.
The BCPP hired two independent third-party testing laboratories. The first laboratory tested volatile organic compounds and the second performed two-dimensional gas chromatography on a subset of 32 products. The products tested were deodorants, lotions, shampoos and multipurpose cleaners.
The cleaning products were found to contain an average of 136 chemicals while the personal care products contained an average of 146. The researchers compared the product name against the type of chemicals that trigger asthma, cancer, developmental problems and hormone disruption.
They used the resulting data to rank the top 10 products with the most hazardous chemicals. Here are the products that made the top 10 from the BCPP report:
The researchers also conducted tests on 140 personal care and cleaning products. The lowest-ranking product, yellow soap, contained 46 chemicals.
Other cleaning products like Kaboom with OxiClean Shower, Tub and Tile Cleaner had 229 chemicals. Out of the 25 personal care products tested, only three products contained less than 100 chemicals and none had less than 75 chemicals. (Related: CHEMICALS LIST: Toxic ingredients in cosmetics and personal care products.)
Until regulation improves over chemicals used in personal care products, you must check the label on all personal care and cosmetic products that you purchase to ensure that they don't contain harmful chemicals and harm your family.
Here are hazardous chemicals to avoid when buying personal care products:
BHA and BHT
Butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) and butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) are chemicals used as preservatives in makeup and moisturizers. Data suggests that they could act as endocrine disruptors.
Adding formaldehyde to products is banned because the chemical is a known carcinogen, but manufacturers have found other chemicals that act as preservatives and release formaldehyde.
Chemicals like diazolidinyl urea, hydantoin, methenamine and quaternium-15, which are used in different cosmetics, slowly release formaldehyde as they age.
The term "fragrance" refers to a broad category of chemicals protected as proprietary information.
Manufacturers do not have to specify the various chemicals they use to produce the scents in products with fragrance like body washes, fabric sheets, perfumes, shampoos and other items.
Parabens are used in cosmetics, deodorants, hair products and lotions. It is a hormone disruptor that mimics the action of the female hormone estrogen, which is linked to the growth of human breast tumors.
A study published in 2012 revealed that parabens from antiperspirants and other cosmetics may increase your risk of breast cancer.
Propylene glycol is a small organic alcohol used as a skin conditioning agent. It is used to make conditioners, hairspray, moisturizers, shampoo and sunscreen.
Propylene glycol has also been added to medications that help your body absorb the chemicals more quickly, and to electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes). Propylene glycol is a skin irritant, and data suggests that it is toxic to your liver and kidneys.
Exposure to the chemical is also linked to neurological symptoms.
Sodium lauryl sulfate and sodium laureth sulfate
Sodium lauryl sulfate and sodium laureth sulfate are surfactants found in more than 90 percent of cleaning products and personal care products. These chemicals make products foam.
Both are known to irritate your eyes, skin and lungs and may interact with other chemicals to form nitrosamines, a known carcinogen.
You may see "FD&C" or "D&C" on products labels to represent artificial colors. The letters are succeeded by a color and number, like D&C Red 27.
The colors are derived from coal tar or petroleum sources and considered carcinogens. Synthetic colors are linked to attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children.
Toluene is a chemical made from petroleum or coal tar that is found in most synthetic fragrances and nail polish.
Chronic exposure to toluene is linked to anemia, liver or kidney damage and low red blood cell count. Exposure may also affect a developing fetus.
Triclosan is an antibacterial ingredient found in soaps and other products that has been linked to allergies, endocrine disruption, inflammatory responses and weight gain.
Data suggests triclosan may aggravate the growth of liver and kidney tumors.
The skin is an efficient drug delivery system, meaning what goes on your body is as important as what you eat.
Some of the chemicals you ingest may be filtered by a healthy gut microbiome, but this protection doesn't work when the chemicals are absorbed through your skin, such as when you use cosmetics.
Limit exposure to these harmful chemicals by making DIY personal care and cleaning products at home.
You can use common ingredients you may already have in your pantry, such as:
Check the EWG Skin Deep searchable database to find personal care products that are free of dangerous chemicals. To avoid toxic ingredients, look for products bearing the "USDA 100% Organic" seal.
You can also check online for DIY recipes for homemade bath and handwashing products.
Try using coconut oil as a natural skin moisturizer. Coconut oil may also be used as a leave-in conditioner for your hair, but use only a little bit if you're not used to putting it in your hair.
Check product labels when buying groceries so you can avoid cosmetics, personal care products and cleaning products that contain harmful ingredients linked to many adverse side effects.
Watch the video below to know more about the toxic chemicals in soaps and shampoos that you should avoid.
This video is from the Health Ranger Store channel on Brighteon.com.